VOLUME 5, ISSUE 4, DECEMBER 2016
Article
Article Title & Authors
Pages
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 "Academic self-concept and academic outcome of the graduate students: The mediating role of socioeconomic status and gender "
Sandeep Kumar Gujare, Gyanesh Kumar Tiwari

Abstract: The present study aimed to inquire into the nature and extent of impacts exerted by academic self-concept, socioeconomic status and gender on the academic achievement of the undergraduate students. Four hundred and ninety five undergraduate students comprising 17 to 26 years of male (M =19.92, SD = 1.94) and 14 to 24 years of female (M =18.63, SD = 1.46) belonging to low (M =18.97, SD = 1.59), middle (M =19.37, SD = 1.97) and high (M =19.19, SD = 1.72) socioeconomic status (SES) took part in the study. Their academic self-concept and its four constituents were measured with the help of Self Description Questionnaire III [1] and marks of the last academic examination were taken as their academic achievement. The results of the study showed that the male and female students belonging to high SES significantly differed in their scores of academic self-concept and academic achievement. Likewise, there was statistically significant difference in academic self-concept and academic achievement of male and female students belonging to middle SES. The male and female students affiliated with low SES differed significantly only on their scores on academic self-concept. The participants belonging to low, middle and high SES also significantly differed in their scores on academic self-concept and academic achievement. The high SES female students differed significantly in their academic achievement with the female students belonging to low SES. In addition, participant with high SES scored significantly higher on academic achievement as compared to low SES participants. The scores on mathematics, verbal, academic general and problem solving components of academic self-concept and overall academic self-concept exhibited positive correlations with their scores on academic achievement. The results of the study have been discussed in the light of recent theories of academic self-concept and academic achievement. The conclusions of the study have important implications for researchers, educational policy makers and government. Future directions of research have also been discussed.


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"Psychosocial functioning in Special Learning Difficulties. Self - reports in a sample of Greek adolescents with SLDs."
Bozas A. Antonios , Bonti Elina , Kouimtzi Eleni - Maria , Zacharias Kyritsis , Karageorgiou Ioannis

Abstract: This study investigated the co - existence of psychosocial syndromes in a sample of 110 adolescents who visited a psychoeducational center for evaluation or re-evaluation. Participants were asked to complete two self-complementary scales (the SDQ and SCAS scales). Variance analyses indicated the correlations between specific LD diagnoses and clinical outcomes. Although gender had a significant effect in clinical syndromes, the age did not. Girls seem to express more social and behavioral problems than boys. There were no significant clinical differences between SLD subtypes, but individuals with multiple SLDs were found to exhibit more social and anxiety problems in their everyday life than any other SLD subtype. The present study focuses on the evolution of SD and the psychological implications that accompany them, because of the consequences both on the diagnostic process and the intervention design.


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8-12
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"The Effect of Perceived Structure of Classroom on the Choice of Problem, Effort, Persistence and Academic Performance "
Fatemeh Bayanfar

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of perceived classroom structures on the choice of problem, effort and persistence in practical tasks and academic performance of students. The method used in this study was a pretest-posttest. 48 individuals were selected randomly and were divided into three groups of mastery structure, performance structure and control. The data was analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA). Results revealed that the mean scores for effort in mastery group were significantly higher than that of performance (p ɘ.01) and control group (pɘ.001). In addition, the average scores for effort in performance group were significantly higher than the scores in control group (pɘ.05). The average scores for choice of problem and academic performance in mastery group were significantly higher than the scores in control group (pɘ.05). Finally, there was no significant difference between the average scores of persistence among groups. Mastery structure of the classroom is very effective in creating progress behavior and increasing academic performance..


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"Study of Environmental Behaviour of Secondary School Students in Relation to their Environmental Ethics "
Dr.Umme Kulsum , Shankarappa. M

Abstract: In recent decades, many environmental problems have increased as the result of human activities and unplanned management of the technological development those interference ecosystems. The industrial revolution has permanently changed the ways human beings live and utilize natural resources by not only modernizing the life-style of human society but also causing an explosion in the population growth. The invention of automobiles and their growth has led to much faster exploitation of fossil fuel and its combustion resulting in a significant increase in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, leading to a complex problem of global warming. Urbanization is rapidly expanding entailing huge demands of energy and mass generation of pollutants and wastes. These developments have led to much faster degradation of environmental quality, disappearance of biodiversity and loss of some pristine habitats from this universe, threatening the very existence of human population and its future sustenance. The State of Environment Report, India (2009) reports that as high as 45% of the total land in the country is degraded by changing patterns of land use with severe problems of air, land and water pollution. The main hurdle in tackling the problem of environmental degradation in developing countries like India is not only the lack of scientific knowledge but also the will to act. Under such scenario, the society needs to be educated about the importance of environment and sustainable development of ensuring a better environment for our future generations. Environmental education in this context plays a significant role in sensitizing people about the rationale use of natural resources hand hazards of environmental pollution.


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19-22
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" Gender and Adjustment : A Comparative study of Grade VIII Students"
Prof. Dr. Usha Mishra , Suman Pandey

Abstract: The objective of this study was to make comparison between girls and boys students on adjustment. The adjustment considered here were emotional, social and educational. A sample of 120 (60 boys and 60 girls) students studying in class VIII standard of parishadeeya vidhayalya were taken from Allahabad district. For this purpose of investigation “ Adjustment inventory ” by A.K.P Singh and Sinha was used. The obtained data were analyzed through ‘ t ’ test to know the mean difference between VIII standard school students in relation to their gender. The study indicates that there was significant difference between girls and boys students on their adjustment type (emotional social and educational) and on overall adjustment.


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23-25
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"Inclusion a Reality or Dream? "
Shrabanti Sen

Abstract: Inclusive education has always been a debated model with Special schools. Special schools no wonder ensures an individual attention and need based curriculum for the student but the range of opportunities is varied in an Inclusive setup. Special schools segregate the student from a general education setup whereas the Inclusive school follows a common curriculum for all which ensures that every student will learn the same objective even if it is in a different manner. One true fact is no one wants to be left alone. An aware and sensitive society will brace everyone despite their differences. Similarly, an education system can be successful only if it caters to the different needs, skills and talents of students. A healthy education atmosphere is one which respects ‘ being different ’. A school set up where everyone is included is an Inclusive setup. But in reality Inclusion is still a dream with certain constraints despite International laws and policies.


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26-27
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"Study of Performance Appraisal in Organized and Unorganized Beauty Salons in Delhi/NCR "
Kajal Kiran, Dr. Jaya Yadav

Abstract: Performance appraisal is a very important instrument for effective management, but little has been explored its usage in beauty salon industry. This research is an attempt to fill this gap. In countries like India lot of skilled employees are working in beauty salons in organized setting. This empirical study explored the difference between the employees of organized and unorganized beauty salons in Delhi/NCR. What employees under these two different settings perceive about performance appraisal and how much they are satisfied in their current job. The responses were collected from 100 respondents, data was analyzed using SPSS. The results found significant difference on certain aspect though overall they found to be satisfied in their current job. The results of this study can be a great basis of know process of performance appraisal in this sector of India which can be used by the industry experts to improve this process and acquire the skilled employees.


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28-33
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" Structural Barriers in Implementing Inclusive Education for Children with Special Needs : A Qualitative Approach Towards Zero Rejection"
Shruti Pandey

Abstract: Inclusive education can be referred as the opportunity towards building an inclusive society for a diverse group of learners. The process of inclusion requires building the right environment to strengthen the capacities of the learners with special educational needs, regardless of their difficulties or differences. Inclusive schools must be acquainted with the diverse needs of the students, ensuring quality education through a flexible curriculum, organizational arrangements and teaching strategies. The Salamanca Statement and Framework for Action on Special Needs Education also recommended that inclusive education should provide the best opportunity for the majority of children with disabilities to receive education in urban as well as rural areas. There is an emergent need of policy implementation, to prepare the school system for inclusive education, with an intension that all children have the right to attend school in a least restrictive environment and the responsibility of the school is to accommodate differences among children with special needs . An attempt has been made in this paper to justify the problems in implementation of inclusive education due to the structural barriers of school environment.


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34-37
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"Physiological and Psychological Factors and Academic Stress of Students "
Sunilima , Arun Kumar

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to explore the physiological and psychological factors affecting academic stress of students on the basis of the previous study and the review of related literature available. Like other stressors, academic stress also play important role in academic success of students. The stressors can be classified in two major divisions. These divisions of stressors are physiological and psychological factors. In physiological factors, genitical and Environmental factors are two main sub divisions. The factors acquired from parents come under genetical factors while all factors related to surrounding of students come under the subdivision of environmental factors. The Psychological factors like emotions some time play more significant role as stressor than physiological factors. The symptoms of stress on a student can be observed and quantified. It is must for a teacher to use such activities which can protect student from over stress conditions to attain maximum objective of their teaching.


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"Pilot Evaluation of The “ Partners as Friends ” Couples Counseling Model"
Floyd F. Robison

Abstract: Robison (2016) described a brief procedure (Partners as Friends) for counseling couples that could be easily understood and used by mental health, medical, and social service professionals who did not typically perform couples counseling in their work settings. The model was evaluated with a small sample of couples to determine if the outcomes of this type of counseling were sufficiently promising to warrant further, more comprehensive evaluation. Twenty-four couples participated in the study. Twelve couples participated in counseling using the Partners as Friends model and 12 couples participated in a “ check-in” control. Results revealed that couples in the treatment condition reported lower scores on a relationship problem scale and higher scores on a partner evaluation scale and the Life Satisfaction index of the Mental Health Inventory-38. The major conclusion was the Partners as Friends counseling model merits further evaluation with a diverse sample of couples.


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42-44
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"An Analysis of Secondary school students' opinion on learning Science as a subject of Study"
Dr. S. Geetha K

Abstract: Learning is mind illuminating activity learner has to be initiated to this learning. Learning not only depends on intelligence but also on the level of interest and attitude of the leaner. So also the sincere efforts made by the teacher to teach the subject in an interesting manner. This study is made to collect student' s opinion on their learning of the subject science. Here is an attempt to study students' opinion on learning Science.


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45-47
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"Impact of Drama as a Therapy for Teaching Social-Communication Skills on Children with ASD"
Dr. Kadambari Naniwadekar, Aishwarya Ravi , Sreevidya M.S

Abstract: Drama as a therapy has numerous research studies to prove its significance. This therapy and studies related to it were however limited to the west. In recent times the trend of using drama as a therapeutic tool for children with ASD has gained quite favorable responses. One of the few therapists who were instrumental in bringing this technique to India was Dr. Parasuram Ramamoorthi with setting up a centre for Autism at Madurai, Tamil Nadu. Drama therapy has distinct benefits when it comes to the special needs population. Studies have suggested that theatre based therapy can bring about improvements in the social deficits of autism. This study was hence undertaken to find out the effectiveness of drama in improving social and communication skills in children with ASD and to compare the improvement in social and communication skills in a group of ASD students taught using drama and a group of ASD students using conventional methods. The result of the study reveals that using drama as a therapeutic tool can be beneficial to teach social and emotional skills to children with autism. This also leads to a conclusion that innovative techniques like these if used in the classroom as well as therapy settings, can lead to better learning.


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48-51
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"Efficacy of Early Stimulation and Intervention in Treatment of Children with Multiple Disabilities- A Case Study"
K. Anjana , Kadambari Naniwadekar, Shobha B.N

Abstract: Early stimulation and intervention plays a vital role in the rehabilitation of children with multiple disabilities. Children with multiple disabilities often lack in overall development which includes motor, cognitive, and social-emotional and communication. Several researches in the field of special education have demonstrated tremendous improvement in children with multiple disabilities that have undergone early stimulation activities. Studies by Michael J. Guralnick (1997) and Casto.G., & Mastoprieri.M. (1985) have demonstrated the effectiveness of early intervention on development of cognition along with various other skills and the long term positive effects of the same. The present study talks about a child with multiple disability, who was brought to Early Intervention Program at AIISH, Mysore at the age of 9 months. At that time the child was brought to the program with complaints of lack of eye-contact, inability to sit, inability to move hand (crossing midline), no-social smile etc. After assessing the child on Assessment Checklist for Preschool Children with Communication Disorders and with 1.9 years of rigorous intervention, by rehabilitation professionals including trained special educators from department of special education, occupational therapists and speech language pathologists at AIISH and the mother, the child is now able to respond to his name call, by lifting his head. The child is also able to sit without support and uses his hands for performing various activities and has improved in other domains too. The study hence, reiterate the fact that early infantile stimulation and intervention can lead to better rehabilitation of children with special needs


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52-54
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"Attitudes of High school teacher towards the pupil participation in Janma Bhoomi programme in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh"
Dr. A. Dhanalakshmi

Abstract: The present investigation was an attempt to determine attitudes of high school teachers towards the pupil participation in janma bhoomi programme inGuntur district of Andhra Pradesh. Various Indian and foreign studies, magazines were reviewed. Descriptive survey method has been used in this study. The sample consisted of 100 teachers from the schools of Krishna district using stratified random sampling method. Self constructed tool was prepared and standardized and adopted for the study. The tool was used for the teachers to find out the opinion on attitudes of high school teachers towards the pupil participation in janma bhoomi programme in Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh. The data were analyzed using various statistical methods like mean, SD, t-test. The score obtained by different groups are compared across the variables like Gender, management, locality with respect of teachers. The results show that there is a significant difference in between rural and urban teachers.


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55-56
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"Study the Decision Making Skills of Govt. & Private Secondary School Principals: An Evaluation "
Ms. Menka

Abstract: Decision making is selecting appropriate option from different options. For any human being decision making is very necessary as this is the main criteria for judging the mental ability of any one. Principal is the backbone of any school administration. Most of the decisions are given by principal for the development of school. In the given study investigator compare the decision making skills of govt. and private secondary schools as well as male and female secondary schools principals. Sample of 80 principals of different secondary school was taken by purposive sampling. For the assessment of decision making in secondary school principals Decision Making Style Scale by Dr. Noorjehan N.Ganihar(2005) was used. Statical techniques like mean, S. D. and T-test was used. This study despite that govt. school principals decision making are more significant then private school principals. On the other hand there is no significant difference between decision making skills on the bases of gender. The reason behind the first result may be Govt. schools principals are more independent then private school principals because former have to implement the policy on the other hand later have to follow the instruction of the management.


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57-60
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"Religiosity among Higher Secondary School Teachers in Kerala "
Dr. B. Tamilselvi , Sindhu. B

Abstract: Everybody who belongs to a religion thinks that his or her religion is the greatest, scientific etc. The relationship between the level of religiosity and the level of education has been a philosophical, as well as scientific and political concern. Religion is a constitutional necessity for man and plays a role mightier than anything else in one' s life. Religion is a motivational force, a purpose of life, means and prosperity and has important place in an individual, society as well as in education. The present study made an attempt to study the religiosity of higher secondary school teachers by taking a sample of 200 teachers. The present study is to find out the difference between religiosity of higher secondary male and female teachers, Christian and Hindu teachers and Science and language teachers in Pathanamthitta, Kollam and Alapuzha districts in Kerala. The results reveal that the religiosity differed significantly between those groups classified in terms of gender and religious beliefs. But the difference is not significant between teachers of different subject of specialization.


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"Enhancing Academic Achievement of Students Through Constructivist Teaching (CT) and Technology Based Constructivist Teaching (TBCT)"
Parasurama. D , Dr. S. Srikanta Swamy

Abstract: The present school education system emphasis on constructivist education environment. It is learner centered education, considersstudentsare notas passive learners but active constructors of knowledge. In the same way, the education system also stresses onthe use of technology in teaching - learning process. Alongside, technology also supports and help in knowledge construction. Thus, integration of technology in constructivist approach provides newstage for construction of knowledge. In this study, attempt is made to study the impact of Constructivist Teaching(CT) and Technology Based Constructivist Teaching(TBCT)on academic achievement of IX standard students in economics subject studying in government school. For the purpose of experimentation, groups are equated based on their previous academic achievement and further divided into experimental group-1 and 2. Researcher identified and selected suitable topics from the school, and CT and TBCT modules were developed and validated with the help of experts. Finally, experimentation was carried out in the school. The impact of moduleswere assessed through using achievement (Unit-Test) test. The major findings of the study are TBCT approach is more effective in improving the academic achievement of students in the subject economics compared to CT approach in government school. Gender and IQ has influencedmore on academic achievement of students taught by CT compared to TBCT.


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"Impact of Curriculum Transaction Strategies on Students Attitude Towards the Subject of Economics"
Prachi Nadda

Abstract: Attitude is one of the most important factor in helping students get through the highs and lows of life, since attitude spells how a person copes. Whatever perspective students may hold will invariably have an effect on their performance and the way they handle rejection. Thus, students who suffer consecutive rebuffs from the teachers may believe that all other potential teachers will likely reject them again and again. The present study investigates the impact of various curriculum transaction strategies on attitude of eleventh grade students towards the subject of economics studying in HPBSE and CBSE schools. The findings of the study revealed that the various transaction strategies used by the teachers of HPBSE schools did not have much effect in improving the attitude of students towards the subject of economics as compared to their counterparts studying in CBSE schools. The present study suggested that teachers should realize that how they teach, behave and interact with students in the classroom or during teaching are more vital than what they teach. Further, the teachers should have positive attitude and interest in the subject so that they can motivate and develop positive attitude in the students to learn.


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"Just World Belief in Parents of Children with Conduct Disorder"
Shilpa Kabra Maheshwari, Dr. Jaya Yadav

Abstract: Leadership Development is a strategic priority for organizations . Widely used approaches to build leadership have relied on the 70:20:10 model as advocated by McCall and Lombardo . However, 70:20:10 doesn't match either the reality of how leaders learn or how they prefer to learn. Paradigms around the 70:20:10 model and its effectiveness are thus being questioned. Based on empirical research, this study explores the experiences of leadership development intervention in the context of 70:20:10 model across Indian organizations. The findings highlight the dichotomy between design and outcome and the dysfunctional consequences of the 70:20:10 model. The study contributes much needed discussion towards rethinking the utilitarian approach of widely used leadership development approaches in the context of emerging markets like India.


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" Intervention on the Theory of Mind Through ICT Based Social Stories Self- Instructional Module - Teacher ’ s Perspective "
Philip, Diana Lil , Pujari, Jayanti

Abstract: Children having Autism with Intellectual disabilities have deficits in development and extreme overt behavior, along with marked social deficits are considered a prominent trait of this combination of multiple disabilities . Using ICT based social story intervention could have a stronger impact versus the conventional methods of social training. Video modeling is regarded as a novel ICT based medium for the purpose of demonstrating behavioral patterns. It can be an appropriate form of proving such positive behavioral support. Present study throws light on exploring sustainable models like video modeling as an ICT based options for sustaining learning patterns. The study was probed into the feasibility and effectiveness of video modeling as a prospective medium of social stories intervention for the children with Multiple Disabilities in special school setup. Data was generated through a questionnaire from 50 trained special educators of Delhi- NCR region who were selected through nonprobability purposive sampling procedure. Both qualitative and quantitative data analysis was done on the basis of research questions. The findings were that- (a) 74% participants used Social story intervention; (b) 89% participants accepted videomodeling as a viable option; and (c) 71% participants feel that provision of procurement of video modeling has to be sought. The t-score shows no significant difference on the responses on the basis of gender and years of experience.


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"Spiritual Intelligence, Living Status and Adjusment: A Study on Senior Citizens"
Dr Prerna Purohit

Abstract: The present study was carried out to examine the role of spiritual intelligence , living status and gender on adjustment and its various domains (health, home, social, marital, emotional and financial).200 senior citizens of different living status i.e. institutionalized and non institutionalized senior citizens were included in this study.The data was analyzed by 2x2x2 ANOVA to study the impact of spiritual intelligence (high and low), living status (institutionalized and non-institutionalized) and gender (males and females) on adjustment and its domains (i.e. health, home, social, marital, emotional and financial) of senior citizens. Results revealed that independent effect of living status significantly influence over all adjustment. Noninstitutionalized senior citizens scored high on over all adjustment than institutionalized senior citizens . Three way interaction of all the three independent variables found significant.Thus, the present pilot study unveils the importance of old age homes for elderly care in developing world in general and it also guides and seeks further exploration of these comparisons in large population samples of elderly people among Indian societies in particular.


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"Attitude of Secondary Student-Teachers under jurisdiction ofvBangalore University towards Teaching Practice"
Mr. Prasadappa. Y. N , Dr. M. S. Talawar

Abstract: Teaching practice occupies a key position in the programme of teacher education. It is the practical use of teaching methods, strategies, principles, techniques and practical training and practice or exercise of different activities of daily school life. Practice teaching sometimes becomes a demoralizing and sometimes very frightening experience for the student teachers. In this context this study was identifies both positive and negative attitude of student teachers during practice teaching and based on the finding of this study, measures were suggested on how to improve practice teaching.


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"Teaching Aptitude of Elementary Teacher Trainees in Kerala"
Leema K M, Dr. T. Mohamed Saleem

Abstract: Primary teachers with right aptitude in teaching profession can only nurture small children, to become successful and empathetic citizens. The current study intended to evaluate teaching aptitude of D.Ed. trainees in Kerala. The sample for the present study was including 1129 freshly joined, elementary teacher trainees from fourteen districts of Kerala. For the measurement of teaching aptitude of elementary teacher trainees teaching aptitude test was used. Analysis of the results show that majority of students have average teaching aptitude. The students from urban locale are found to be significantly better than their rural counter parts in teaching aptitude test. The students from Govt./Aided institution also found to be scored significantly better than those belong to Unaided institutions.


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"Teaching Aptitude of Elementary Teacher Trainees in Kerala"
Hilal Ahmad Najar

Abstract: Reservation in admissions as affirmative actions has survived on different reasons: one to drive diversity in educational institutions and policy sectors and another to compensate for historical injustice. The utilitarian's, libertarians and Rawlsians have debated and often justified such reservation by their philosophical overtures. These philosophical justifications for reservations find place in the form provisions which run across constitutions of nations. The Indian Constitution envisages this either expressly or impliedly under different provisions indicating adequate representation in the state administration of all as its basis. The Jammu and Kashmir having its own constitution,approved on 26th Jan,1957,enables the state legislature to ensure reservation to different deserving classes. The Jammu and Kashmir has well knitted reservation policy in admission under the Jammu and Kashmir Reservation Act, 2004and SRO 294 of 2005. This reservation is based on recommendations of various commissions appointed on time to time. However, the agony is that the higher educational institutions established under different statutes by the government have drafted their own reservation policy in admissions keeping state reservation policy at bay. Such reservation quota in admission is no way reflective of the demographic structure of the state. The paper intends to reflect the reservation disparity in admission in different higher educationalin the state and to suggest some valuable inputs to render the deserving classes their due as per the state laws


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