Article Title & Authors
 "Emotional Intelligence and Emotional Maturity and their relationship with Academic Achievement of College Students in Sikkim "
Dr. Dona Rai , Yugal Kisore Khanal

Abstract: Emotional intelligence is ability to understand, express and control one' s own emotions. This ability of understanding one' s own emotions makes the individual competent to understand others emotions accordingly. As individuals grow older they confront with numerous expectations from their parents, teachers and friends. They are expected to perform better in their academic along with participating in social activities. The ‘ pressure ’ of securing good position in academic may hinder their emotions. Academic achievement may be influenced by emotional intelligence and emotional maturity of the pupil. This paper is an attempt to assess emotional intelligence and emotional maturity of college students in Sikkim and further it will assess the relationship of these two variables with academic achievement of students. Tools used for the study are Emotional Intelligence Inventory by S.K. Mangal and S. Mangal and Emotional Maturity Scale by Roma Pal. Sample size was 122 which were randomly taken from the population. This study revealed highly positive correlation between emotional intelligence academic achievement and no significant correlation was found between emotional maturity and academic achievement.

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"A Survey of Values Among Secondary School Teachers Working in Vijayapur District with Special Reference to Gender, Marital Status"
Dr. B.B. Policepatil

Abstract: There has been a persistent erosion of values in the society. In the present day context certain values need to be redefined and reinstalled. There are situations when the values imparted and inculcated in schools are not generally practiced in society. Value education demands a planned and purposive approach. It is through education and as of necessity through teacher education programmes that the task of inculcating values can be substantially accomplished. Whereas values are emotive, the other related significant dimension is that of moral education which is essentially connotative in character. Morals are situation specific and demand immediate decision and action and yet there are morals which are considered to be eternal and universal. Through committed teachers, the art of ensuring moral development in a secular multi-religious and multi-ethic society needs to be cultivated. Researches conducted so far have been limited in respect of values of teachers but there is paucity of researches in the field of secondary school teachers. In this study the researcher used the stratified random sampling technique by selecting the secondary school teachers from Vijayapur district. The study found that the teachers of secondary schools do not differ significantly with reference to social and religious values. Further it was concluded that secondary school teachers have to choose different alternatives in their limited resources to meet their needs and demands they have more financial demands to be meeting than that of male secondary school teachers.

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"Coping Behavior, Psychological Distress, and Marital Satisfaction Among the Wives of Men with Alcohol Dependence "
Dr. Nandha Kumara Pujam , Kalaivani

Abstract: Alcoholism is considered as an ongoing stressor, not only for the individual , but for family members as well. Spouses are particularly affected given the intimate nature of their relationship and are known to be exposed to high rates of domestic violence. The negative social consequences of alcohol consumption may diminish the individual' s ability to adapt leading to emotional distress and thereby increasing the likelihood of psychological problems. The present study aimed to examine the psychological distress, marital satisfaction and coping behaviours among the wives of alcohol dependent men. This was a hospital based cross sectional study conducted at SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Kancheepuram in the Department of Psychiatry and Purposive sampling method was used. The sample consists of 70 Participants (wives of men with alcohol dependence) fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Written informed consent was taken from the participants after explaining the objectives and procedure of the study. Subsequently socio demographic data sheet, general health questionnaire, coping with drinking questionnaire and marital satisfaction scale, were administered to all participants. Data was analyzed using SPSS 16.0 version. The Spearman Correlation was used to assess the relationship between coping behaviours, psychological distress and marital satisfaction. Result showed that higher coping behaviour of discordance, avoidance and taking special action in the wives of alcohol dependence men is associated with higher psychological distress. Furthermore, higher coping behaviour of discordance, avoidance and competition are associated with lower marital satisfaction. Likewise, the current paper also found that higher psychological distress is associated with lower marital satisfaction.

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"E-Courts: A Revolution in Legal Processes "
Bhavna Batra

Abstract: Indian Judiciary is in urgent need of re-engineering its processes to optimize the use of its human resources and to bring about change management by harnessing the potentiality of the available Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to the fullest extent. The objective of this exercise is to enhance the judicial productivity both qualitatively and quantitatively so as also make the Justice delivery system affordable, accessible, cost effective, transparent and accountable. Similar objectives have been achieved in other parts of the world by use of technology but in India though its manpower is known for its technology expertise, the ICT benefits could not be fully explored and utilized in public service sectors like Judiciary and other organs of the State.

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" The Relationship of Cognitive Functions and Psychopathology on The Level of Insight in Patients with Schizophrenia"
Hari Vijay , Dr. Nandha Kumara Pujam

Abstract: International Pilot Study of Schizophrenia (IPSS) reported a substantial proportion of patients with schizophrenia (80%) demonstrate poor insight into the illness, irrespective of the cultural variation of patients. Literature shows that there are conflicting findings regarding the relationships between impaired insights, positive and negative symptoms and neurocognition in patients with schizophrenia. The present study aimed to examine ‘ The Relationship of Cognitive Functions and Psychopathology on the Level of Insight in Patients with Schizophrenia ’. This was a hospital based cross sectional study conducted at SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Kancheepuram in the Department of Psychiatry / Clinical Psychology and Purposive sampling method was used. The sample comprises 32 patients with Schizophrenia, fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Written informed consent was taken from the patients after explaining the objectives and procedure of the study. Subsequently socio demographic data sheet, Positive and negative syndrome scale(PANSS), Scale for the assessment of unawareness of mental disorder(SUMD), Comprehensive trail making test(CTMT), Wisconsin card sorting test(WCST) and PGI memory scale ( PGI MS) were administered to all patients. Data was analyzed using (SPSS) 16.0 versions. Spearman rank correlation was used to analyze the relationship between insight, cognitive functions and psychopathology. The result showed a significant positive association between SUMD 2 (awareness of achieved effects of medication) and positive and negative symptoms of PANSS. The study also finds a significant negative relationship between SUMD 2 (awareness of achieved effects of medication) and attention and concentration and recent memory, on the subtests of PGI-MS. However there was no significant relationship between SUMD scores, CTMT and WCST scores. These findings confirmed the importance of insight in patients with schizophrenia for clinical understanding and management of schizophrenia.

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"The State and Trait Anxiety and Eating Attitudes : An Examination of Factor Analysis "
Dr. Susmita Chatterjee , Dr. Himani Bhattacharya

Abstract: The physical and psychological development amongst adolescents is utmost necessary for any society as this is the most crucial stage of life. The study is done to establish relationship between state anxiety and trait anxiety with eating attitude,which will give direction for measures taken at the individual level as well as at societal level. The factor structure and concurrent validity of State anxiety and Trait anxiety and the Eating attitude-26 were examined in students of different departments of Rabindra Bharati University. We had employed the multivariate tool, confirmatory factor analysis to examine factor structure of State Anxiety, Trait Anxiety, Eating Attitudes and also examine the relationship between State and Trait Anxiety (both reverse and nonreverse type) and other factors of Eating attitudes. The sample size was 200. Here the model fits well and a significant relationship between State and Trait Anxiety and the Eating Attitudes has been found. For data collection of the study, the individual identification form prepared in accordance with relevant literature, State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Eating attitudes (Eat- 26,Garner) scales were applied among adolescent students. The empirical research revealed the influence of state and trait anxiety with eating attitude.

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"Uniqueness Seeking, Grit and Flow in High and Low Creative University Students "
Bhavna Batra

Abstract: The Constitution of India provides very specifically about the right to work. Despite these declarations, we have not been successful in promoting the right to work. The question which is posed before the citizens is what amounts to the failure of these provisions. The legislations are not few nor are judicial pronouncements. There are many executive officers, too, to ensure compliance of these legislations. In a country like India, it is, thus, imperative to take a close look at the plethora of labor legislations provided by the Parliament. The main purpose of this paper is to analyze all the available legislations in India and to carefully bring to light whether they conform to the required standards. The paper aims to analyze the stand of India and the future prospects for the labor development in India. This paper tries to bring out the best possible labor legislation which is necessary for the development of every citizen. Towards the end, the author tries to bring out a critical analysis of these legislations.

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" A Study on Grit Among MBA, MBBS and Engineering Students"
KR Shobanah , KP Naachimuthu

Abstract: Grit in psychology is a positive, non-cognitive trait based on an individual's passion for a particular long-term goal or end state, coupled with a powerful motivation to achieve their respective objective. This perseverance of effort promotes the overcoming of obstacles or challenges that lie within a gritty individual's path to accomplishment, and serves as a driving force in achievement realization. Commonly associated concepts within the field of psychology include "perseverance", "hardiness", "resilience", "ambition", "need for achievement" and "conscientiousness". These constructs can be conceptualized as individual differences related to the accomplishment of work rather than talent or ability (Galton Francis, 1892). This distinction was brought into focus in 1907 when William James challenged the field to further investigate how certain individuals are capable of accessing richer trait reservoirs enabling them to accomplish more than the average person, but the construct dates back at least to Galton, and the ideals of persistence and tenacity have been understood as a virtue at least since Aristotle.

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"Effect of Mindfulness on Telepathy: A Comparison of High and Low Ego-strength Individuals "
Osheen Saxena

Abstract: Extrasensory perception refers to a form of perception that occurs beyond the ordinary five senses. The present study was aimed at studying the relationship between Mindfulness and a form of Extra Sensory Perception, Telepathy. The interactional effect of Ego-Strength as a personality factor and Mindfulness on Telepathy was also a focus of the study. The data was collected on 60 individuals falling into four groups of High/Low Mindfulness and High/Low Ego-Strength. The experimental method used to measure telepathy was the Ganzfeld Experiment, and the telepathic scores were nominal in nature, i.e. “ hit” or “ miss ”. The mindfulness was measured using the MAAS (Mindful Attention Awareness Scale - State version) Scale. Ego-Strength was measured using a subset of the 16 PF questionnaire (Factor C). Results indicated that Mindfulness or Ego-strength do not predict whether an individual will receive a ‘ hit ’ or a ‘ miss ’ on the Ganzfeld Experiment, i.e. predict whether telepathy would occur or not.

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"Emotional Intelligence Among High School Teachers in Cuddalore District"
R. Ayyappan , Dr. R. Diane Joseph

Abstract: This study aimed at finding out the emotional intelligence of high school teachers. The sample comprised of 304 high school teachers. The tools used were Test of emotional intelligence of high school teachers by Dr. Shubhra Mangal and Personal Data sheet. The researcher used Mean, Stantard Deviation, and t test for the analysis of the scores obtained. It was found that the emotional intelligence of high school teachers.

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"Constructivist Approach in Mathematics "
Pushpendra Singh , Dr. Anil Kumar

Abstract: Developing children' s abilities for mathematisation (ability to think logically, formulates and handles abstractions) rather than knowledge of mathematics (formal and mechanical procedures), is the main goal of mathematics education (NCF-2005 P.127). but there is a general feeling that mathematics is a very dry subject among many students and parents. The present system of mathematics education and the mathematics classroom fails to facilitate the development of competence of divergent thinking and logical reasoning among students and thus they fails to apply their knowledge in real life situations. Many students complain that learning of mathematics is not at all interesting and attractive to them. Various studies show that the main reason for their complaint lies in faulty methodological approaches and pedagogy adopted by mathematics teacher. To achieve the goal and overcome the complaint, progressive new ideas on teaching and learning, many strategies in mathematics are constantly emerging one of these strategies is the constructivist based approach which views learners as active participants in learning process. This paper focuses the various dimensions, guidelines and efforts that may help in incorporation of constructivist approach in mathematics' classroom.

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"Metacognition and its relation with academic achievement among college going students of Meghalaya "
Samayalangki Nongtodu , Dr. Yodida Bhutia

Abstract: Understanding the process of learning has always been area of importance in education. Knowing the way we learn help an individual to learn better as it involves encoding of information, planning, comprehension and evaluation. Baker, 2009 wrote that learning depends, in part, on the effective use of basic cognitive processes such as memory and attention, the activation of relevant background knowledge, and the deployment of cognitive strategies to achieve particular goal. The research was conducted to study the metacognition among college going students of Meghalaya and explored whether metacognition is related to academic achievement, gender, streams of discipline and locale. The approach was quantitative and the survey method was used. The sample of 797 college going students were randomly selected. The study showed that majority of college going students have average metacognition. The ability to think about their own thinking or process of metacognition is affected by locale and streams of study. The relation between metacognition and academic achievement is high in all stream of students, among female as compared to male students and urban students as compared to rural students. The study indicated that increase in metacognition leads to better performance academically.

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"Impact of School-wide Positive Behaviour Supports on Student Behaviour "
Ranjan Das

Abstract: High Schools have more people, more departments, large campuses and more extracurricular activities making it more complicated for faculty to meet and to build consensus. The purpose of SCHOOL WIDE POSITIVE BEHAVIOR SUPPORT (SWPBS) is to improve school environment and prevent students' problem behaviours across all school setting. Impact of implementation was measured using direct observation. The results suggest that SWPBS not only reduces discipline problem but also improves the school ' s overall academic outcomes because it creates a climate helpful to learning.

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"Attaining Professional Excellence and Work - Life Balance through Human Values and Ethics: An Observation "
Dr. Gopal Krishna Dwivedi

Abstract: Most of us are ambitious and have certain dreams and destinations in life. Whether it is attaining a good position in job, buying a new car, a 2-3-4 BHK house or fulfilling expectations of children and spouse, we all work extremely hard but still feel frustrated, dejected and disappointed most often. Most of our sufferings and pains are because of our misunderstanding of the facts of life. When I attended the eight day workshop on Human Values and Professional Ethics at PSIT, Kanpur, I realized that my approach to life and work was utterly wrong at many levels. I corrected my ways of living and maintaining relationships, and experienced overwhelming peace of mind and affection from loved ones. Later I conducted 10 Staff Development Programmes on ‘ Service Orientation and Professional Ethics ’ for the staff members of management institute, engineering college and dental colleges and got a feedback that this worked quite effectively for them also. The present paper is an outcome of the process and outcome of these workshops conducted in the year 2014-15.

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"Relative dominance of Sattva and Tamas Gunas (qualities) makes a difference in self-compassion and human flourishing "
Yogendra Verma ,Gyanesh Kumar Tiwari

Abstract: The present study aimed to assess the nature and extent of the impacts exerted by sattvic and tamasic personality as enunciated by Indian theory of personality on the self-compassion and human flourishing of the student participants. A total of four hundred sixty-eight participants comprising two hundred sixty-five sattvics (Mean Age = 20.05, SD =2.07) and two hundred three tamasics (Mean Age = 19.90, SD = 1.93) participated in the present study. The results of the study indicated that the sattva and tamas gunas shaped the self-compassion and human flourishing of the participants. The participants having relative dominance of sattva guna as compared to tamas guna exhibited higher mean scores on the self-compassion, human flourishing and their components. In addition, the scores on the self-compassion and human flourishing demonstrated positive correlations whereas self-judgement, isolation, and over-identification demonstrated either non-significant positive correlations or significant negative correlations with the scores of these measures. The scores on the self-kindness, common humanity, mindfulness and overall self-compassion components of self-compassion significantly accounted for variance in the scores of hedonic human flourishing, social well-being, psychological well-being, eudaimonic human flourishing, and overall human flourishing of the both sattvics and tamasics whereas the self-judgment aspect of self-compassion caused significant variance in the scores of hedonic human flourishing, social well-being, psychological well-being, eudaimonic human flourishing and overall human flourishing and isolation only to psychological well-being of the tamasics. The results of the study have significant implications of for researchers, academicians, laymen, counselors and educational psychologists. The findings of the study have been discussed in the light of recent findings and theories of personality, self-compassion, and human flourishing. The limitations and future directions for research have also been discussed.

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"Attitude and Achievement in Geography: A Stydy on Bengali Medium Students "
Anup Kumar Jana, Anujit Patra

Abstract: This study focused on the attitude of eight grade school students towards the learning of Geography in Purba Medinipur district of West Bengal. The design of the study is descriptive survey research design. Simple random sampling was adopted in selecting two hundred (200) male and female students. All those students in class eight from Contai and Egra subdivision constitute the population of the study. Data was collected using a validated 5-point Likert rated Geography Attitude Scale (GAS) instrument with a reliability coefficient of 0.73 (Test-Retest). Three research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study and the obtained data were analysed using MS excel. Means, standard deviations were used as descriptive analysis, while t-test was used in testing the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that, locale of students had significant effect on their attitudes towards geography. Additionally, gender had no notable influence on students' attitude towards Geography. The study further exposed that, correlation between attitudes and achievements in geography was strongly positive. Therefore school students of Purba Medinipur appreciate Geography as a school subject and showed a positive relationship between attitude and achievement. Location has significant effect while, gender is not a significant factor influencing attitude towards Geography learning in the study area.

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"Effects of ability grouping and self-perceived performance on secondary school students' self-concept: An investigation of the big-fish-little-pond theory in Hong Kong "
Christopher H. K. Cheng

Abstract: The present study attempts to investigate the effects of academic achievement and ability grouping on students' self-concept. While ability grouping is a common and convenient practice to group students into classes or schools on the basis of their academic performance, its effect on the students' performance and self-esteem has been highlights of concerns. A total of 359 Secondary 3 to 4 (grade 9 to 10) students were sampled from three schools ranging from Band 1 to Band 3. Participants completed a global measure of self-esteem (General Self) and the academic and social self-concept subscales (Intellectual Self and Social Self) of the Chinese Adolescent Self-Esteem Scales (CASES) and made self-ratings on their academic achievement; information of their ability grouping in terms of schools (Bands) and of classes (Streams) was collected and analyzed. Results showed that self-perceived academic achievement had the strongest and positive effect on self-concept, while stream and band would have less though significant effects. The social self-concept was found to have a curvilinear relationship with the stream of class. Furthermore, the moderating effects of band and stream were found in academic self-concept but not on other self-concept facets or global self-esteem, and were more apparent among average and low performers but not quite on high performers. Findings and implications were discussed in the light of the Big-Fish-Little-Pond effect theory.

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"Vipassana Meditation and Heart Rates "
Dr. N. S. Dongare

Abstract: The term Vipassana Meditation has two components namely VI and passana. ‘Vi ’ means perfectly, exactly, sincerely etc. And ‘ Passana’ means looking, observing, analyzing, self-introspecting, investigating, etc. It means observing oneself in a special way. The third one is on different point of view, “ The Vipassana means promotes conscious life style changes, enhances concentration of mind and simplify process deeper psychological introspection to bring about lifelong behavioral changes ” Above definitions have been expressing as Vipassana Meditation is a scientific technique of self-purification through observation or psychological introspection. The Heart rate is defined as the number of heartbeats per unit of time - typically expressed as beats per minute (bpm) - which can vary as the body's need for oxygen changes at the time of exercise or sleep. In an adult, resting heart rate is normally about 70 beats per minute. There are so many affecting factors on heart rates such as age, metabolic rate, respiration, body position, emotional state, stress and anxiety. The purpose of present research paper is to assess an effect of Vipassana Meditation on Heart Rate of participants. To fulfill purpose the researcher had taken randomly selected sample of 23 people. Imparted ten days course of Vipassana Meditation as intervention programme. Pre test-post test assessment of heart rate was taken place. Eventually the researcher has reached on conclusion such as positive impact of vipassana meditation on heart rate of participants.

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"Smart Board Technology : Transforming Inclusive Environment Into E-classroom for Children With Specific Learning Disability "
Anusuya K. Yadav

Abstract: The integration and amalgamation of Information and Communication Technology in the process of learning and teaching helps to create barrier free environments which enable all students to become competent , confident and self-directed learners. With the use of technology as one unavoidable reality , it is mounting its strategic role as a powerful motivational tool for students with special needs , increasing the scope and opportunities for learners with special educational needs. In the view of the changing context of the increasingly transforming landscape of information and technology , the present paper discusses how children with Specific Learning Disabilities, being digital natives are expert users of ICT and engage fluently and actively with the digital world in their everyday lives. As a transformative tool Smart Board, Information and Communication Technology offers a great potential to support lifelong learning for all groups of students, including those with or without special educational needs, enhancing independence, integration, and equal opportunities and extensively facilitating their recognition and inclusion in society as valued, respected, and contributing members.

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"Developing Delineation Skill among Visually Impaired Students "
A. Selvi , Dr. G. Victoria Naomi

Abstract: The eye is truly a magnificent organ and our primary link to the outside world. The Spatial Abilities of Visually Impaired was compared with that of Blind-folded sighted students. Spatial Ability in this study is related to Delineation Skill. There are many reasons to be interested in spatial development. First, human spatial cognition plays a central role in our species' evolution, adaptation, and current everyday functioning. Loss of vision is believed to have a great impact on the acquisition of spatial knowledge. Moreover, blindness has a negative impact on the development of blind people's spatial skills. It is often assumed that the spatial senses (vision, hearing and the tactual senses) operate as distinct and independent modalities and, moreover, that vision is crucial to the development of spatial abilities.

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"Innovative Teaching Strategies That Ensure Effective Learning"
Kamal G. Manwani

Abstract: Teaching-Learning process has been evolving since the evolution of man with the underlying aim of bringing about a desired change through targeted interventions. Over the years various studies and philosophies have contributed towards making this a more formalized and focused process. However, excess strategizing and structuring has had its own counter impact on the effectiveness of teaching-learning, causing goal achievement to become a challenge. This challenge grows with the growing age of the learner. Senior school adolescent students, who have their own set of priorities allowing studies to take a backseat, pose a dilemma for their educators. Their lack of engagement and low motivation levels relegate classroom teaching to an undesirable routine activity. To prevent teaching-learning from becoming a mere transactional activity, it becomes imperative to blend new innovative strategies in Teacher Education. The aim of this paper is to emphasize creating an outcome based learning for adolescent students and establishing a strong teacher- learner bond. In this regard, it suggests incorporating the findings of medical researches based on human brain into Teacher Education. It further explores how by using these brain function pathways and processes, teaching strategies can be developed in order to ensure effective learning, long term retention and easy retrieval of learned concepts.

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"A comparative study of convent Government and private school boys in relation to their creativity and intelligence"
Dr. Mohd. Talib Ather Ansari

Abstract: We constantly need new and better ideas for almost every aspect of our life. The main aim of this research paper is to help the 10th class students to recognize, develop and act upon the divergent thinking and intelligence they already possess. They recognize the inherent creativity in their own and with others classmates, they may identify characteristics of a creative person, develop creative thinking, problem solving and using creative skills using their basic elements of the creative process, examine qualities of a creative environment in real world settings.

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"A Study of Emotional Intelligence and Age in terms of B.Ed. Trainee Teachers (Session 2015-17) in different B.Ed. Colleges"
Dr. Hina Hasan

Abstract: Emotional intelligence refers to the ability to perceive, control and evaluate emotions, which is very important to adjust oneself in a new situation because emotional intelligence and adjustment has a lifelong impact on every profession when it is calculated among age. In the present research tryout, the author have analyzed the emotional intelligence and adjustment among 400 B.Ed. trainee teachers studying in different B.Ed. colleges in 2015-17session , these students are divided into two groups i.e. below 25 years and above 25 years of age respectively. The main purpose of the study is to find out age impact upon emotional intelligence and adjustment of B.Ed. trainee teachers with respect to the different variables.

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" Shyness as a Psychological correlates of Internet Addiction "

Abstract: The present study was conducted on higher secondary students of Jamshedpur city. The sample size consists of 100 higher secondary students (50 boys and 50 girls). Objectives: To know the prevalence of internet addiction among the sample groups; to know the prevalence of shyness among sample groups; to find the interrelationship between internet addiction and shyness. Hypothesis: The prevalence of internet addiction will be vary among sample groups; the prevalence of shyness will be vary among sample groups; There will be positive interrelationship between internet addiction and shyness. Methodology: The sample was selected by random sampling. Kimberly Young Internet Addiction Scale (1996) and Cheek and Buss (1981) Shyness scale were used for data collection. The data were statistically analyzed using percentage analyses, Means, SD, t-test and Pearson ‘ r ‘ . Conclusion: Mean score for internet addiction scale was 35.82 and SD was 16.50. On shyness score mean was found 37.28 and SD was 5.42.The correlation between the two variables was found 0.19 which was significant at 0.1 levels. So, the correlation between these two variables is positive but not too strong.

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" Existential Therapies: Theoretical basis, Process, Application and Empirical Evidences "
Nigesh K. , Saranya T. S

Abstract: Existence, The word comes from the Latin word existere, literally meaning to stand out, or to emerge. EXISTENCE is not a static process but entails the process of coming into being or becoming. It is concerned with the science and process of being (ontology). Existential therapists assist clients to stand out or to affirm their existences, despite and within the constraints involved in existence.

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" Diagnostic Decision Tree for Specific Learning Disability "
S. Venkatesan

Abstract: Learning disability is among the most abused and misunderstood upcoming conditions being identified in child clinical practice. In the absence of an official definition, combined with reliance on borrowed and offshore conceptualizations about the condition, professionals as well as parents appear to be miserably caught in the whirlpool of its diagnosis. To add to this confusion, a significant portion of the diagnostic errors result from inadequate knowledge, piecemeal observations and the absence of a complete picture on or about the condition. This paper seeks to highlight several problems and issues related to its nomenclature, definition, identification, diagnosis, classification, and formal certification of specific learning disabilities in the country. In doing so, the need for maintaining a developmental or longitudinal life span perspective is strongly recommended while undertaking differential diagnosis. A prototype on diagnostic decision making tree for specific learning disabilities is given. Its value and implications are presented and discussed in the light of recent rights based legislation that is happening in the country.

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" Internet Addiction and Impulsivity- A Comparative Study Between Male and Female Hosteliers of Aligarh Muslim University "
Muzafar Hussain Kawa , Mohd Ilyas Khan , Mehrnaz Dehgan ,Rizwan Hassan Bhat ,Suhail Ahmad Bhat ,Armeen Khan

Abstract: he present study is an attempt to assess internet addiction and impulsivity among Male and Female Hosteliers of Aligarh Muslim University. The sample in the study consisted of one hundred university students out of which 53 were males and 47 were females who were selected on the purposive basis from different male and female hostels of Aligarh Muslim University. Young' s Internet Addiction Scale (IAT), Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) and Demographic Data sheet were used to collect research data from informants. The obtained data were analysed by frequency method, Pearson correlation method and t-test. The results showed that the male Hosteliers experienced more internet addiction and impulsivity as compared to the female Hosteliers and a significant positive correlation was found between internet addiction and impulsivity among them.

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" Self-Efficacy, Emotional Intelligence and Social Maturity of Adolescents "
Minchekar Vikas S.

Abstract: The present study examined the self-efficacy, emotional intelligence and social maturity of High school boys and girls. Furthermore, study aimed at to foster the self-efficacy, emotional intelligence and social maturity of high school students. The study was conducted on 100 high school students, out of which 50 boys and 50 girls were selected through simple random sampling method from the Sangli city of Maharashtra state, India. The age range of the sample is 14 to 16 years. Self-efficacy scale developed by JesusalemSchwarzer, Emotional intelligence scale developed by Hyde, Pethe and Dhar and social maturity scale developed by Rao were administered to the sample. Data was analyzed using mean, SD and ‘ t ’ test further Karl Pearson' s product moment, correlation of coefficient was used to know the correlation between emotional intelligence, self-efficacy, and social maturity. Results revealed that boys and girls did not differ significantly in their self-efficacy and social maturity. Further, the analysis revealed that girls are having high emotional intelligence compared to boys, which is significant at 0.01 level. It is also found that there is a significant and positive correlation between self-efficacy and emotional intelligence, selfefficacy and social maturity and emotional intelligence and social maturity. Some developmental strategies to strengthen the self-efficacy, emotional intelligence and social maturity of high school students are suggested in the study.

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" Emotional Intelligence and Socio-economic Status as the determinants of Academic achievement among Adolescents "
B. Razia , Nabi Ahmad

Abstract: Academic achievement is one of the important goals of education and affected by number of correlated factors including Emotional intelligence and Socio-economic status of adolescents. Researchers concluded that Emotional intelligence can predict academic success better than traditional measures of intelligence .The study aims to predict Academic achievement of adolescents with the help of independent variables Emotional intelligence and Socio-economic status. The research was carried out on a sample of 292 adolescents studying in class XI of Aligarh district. Standardized scales were used to collect the data which was analyzed by applying Mean (M), Standard Deviation (SD), t-test, Product Moment Correlation and Multiple Regression Analysis. Results indicate that significant gender differences exist in adolescents on the measure of Emotional intelligence however no significant differences were found between male and female adolescents on the measure of Socioeconomic status and Academic achievement. Significant correlation was found among all the three variables under study. Socioeconomic status and Emotional intelligence together brought 18.4% variance in Academic achievement indicating the importance of Emotional intelligence and Socio-economic status in predicting Academic achievement of adolescents.

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" Barrier Free Inclusion of Learners with Special Educational Needs in Regular Classroom:Issues and Challenges "
Shruti Pandey , Dr. Yogendra Pandey

Abstract: Education provides a base of development to a country. As per Universal Declaration of Human Rights, education is a fundamental right for all including learners with special educational needs. A prevailing concern in inclusion of special educational needs is lack of access to education for both children and adults with special educational needs. Literature review reveals the fact that it is hard to identify those students who are not visible special educational needs, unstructured strategies and approaches are the significant barriers to access, equity, enrollment and participation into mainstream. In addition to this unprofessional attitudes of in-service and pre-service teachers, inadequate use of technology to support inclusive education are the significant cause of slower inclusion rates at primary, secondary and higher education levels. The aim of present study is to find out the problems and strategies to facilitate inclusive education among learners with special educational needs. As in the present scenario the most exigent and influential issues in implementing inclusive education are student accessibility, drop-outs, identification, assessment, societal attitudes, teachers attitude , flexible and adaptive as well as functional curriculum within the learning system toward special educational needs. This study also focuses on current and past scenario of inclusive education for better learning and also it provides a clear insight about the various problems and suggests the strategies to develop better inclusive educational practices for learners with special educational needs.

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" Effectiveness of Guided Imagery Technique in reducing examination anxiety associated with selected demographic variables among college students - An Experimental study "
Dr. Susan Annie George , Dr. Arun Thomas Abraham

Abstract: Anxiety is an automatic biological product of undischarged tension. Guided Imagery therapy is a cognitive behavioral technique in which under the guided instructions a client is guided in imaging a relaxing scene or series of experiences. The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of guided imagery relaxation technique in reducing anxiety in association with selected demographic data among examination going college students. Methodology:-The samples were divided into 2 groups Experimental Group & Control Group, after fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Pre-test was administered to both experimental (36.53 (SD =4.37)) and control group 36.6 (SD =4.59)using the Test Anxiety Questionnaire. A 25 minute audio visual relaxation of guided imagery program was provided to the students in the experimental group for once in a week for 8 weeks. Selected Demographic variables of examination going students were assessed to find out whether any association is there in reducing examination anxiety among students. Post test was also assessed for experimental group (27.47(SD =3.64) and control group (37.47 (SD =3.23)after 8 weeks. Result:-Shows significant decrease of examination anxiety in experimental group. Conclusion:-The results thus concluded the effectiveness of Guided Imagery Technique in reducing examination anxiety among college students. And it is also concluded that there is no association between the selected demographic variables and the examination anxiety.

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" Role of Metacognitive Self Regulation and Academic Locus of Control in Academic Performance "
Darshini Madanagopal , S.Thenmozhi

Abstract: Numerous factors have been identified as predictors of Academic performance of students. Among these factors, Locus of control has been established to be strongly related to Academic success. However, the exact nature of this relationship is not fully explained. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between Academic Locus of control and Academic performance and the mediating role of Metacognitive self regulation. Data from 181 students University students was collected. The Academic Locus of Control Scale and the Self Regulation subscale of the Metacognition Awareness Inventory was used to quantify the Academic Locus of Control and Metacognitive Self Regulation respectively of the students. Data was analysed using regression and correlation analysis. The results indicate that Metacognitive self regulation partially mediates the relationship between Academic Locus of Control and Academic performance. Students who had high Internal Locus of control, more actively used metacogntive strategies in their learning process and this was reflected in their academic performance.

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