Article Title & Authors
 "Attitude Towards Women Empowerment of Class XII Girl Students of Shillong "
Ms. Ritu Sarkar, Dr. Yodida Bhutia

Abstract: Women constitute almost 50% of the world’s population but India has shown disproportionate sex ratio whereby female’s population has been comparatively lower than males. As far as their social status is concerned, they are not treated as equal to men in all the places. The main problems that were faced by women are gender discrimination, female infanticide, financial constraints, family responsibility, etc. It is said that if you educated a girl child or women you will educate the whole family. Education is milestone of women empowerment because it enables them to responds to the challenges, to confront their traditional role and change their life. The present study focused on adolescence girls on their attitude towards women’s empowerment. The study found that majority girls’ students have highly favourable attitude towards empowerment of women. Girls belonging to patriarchal society and the girls studying in co-education schools have more favourable attitude towards women empowerment than that of girls’ from matrilineal society and that of girls’ studying in all girls school in Shillong.

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"Measurement and Development of Experiential Crowding Scale "
Geetu P. Hotwani, Dr. S. K. Tripathi

Abstract: TAn attempt has been made to assess the direction and magnitude of experiential crowding in terms of Home, Traffic, Social Gatherings and Friends Circle. In order to investigate the differentials in the level of experiential crowding, owing to variations in age and gender, the items were selected for the purpose of assessing the exposure of the individual to stressful crowding in everyday life situations. However, the standardisation process was restricted to the adolescent population, on a sample of 577 school and college going students. The obtained data was treated to various statistical techniques required for standardisation.

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"Adolescents’ use of Self-Handicapping strategies in Academic context "
Asha Kumari B , Kalpana Venugopal

Abstract: In the present study, it is attempted to assess the use of Self-handicapping strategies in the academic context among secondary students of Mysuru district. This is a descriptive research survey method is used in the study. The Academic Self-Handicapping Scale developed by the researcher is used in the study. Descriptive statistics are used.The results showed that almost all students engaged themselves in self-handicapping behaviour at various levels in their learning context. It was found that boys engaged more in self-handicapping than girls. It was also found that students in schools of urban areas used more Self-handicapping strategies than students from schools in rural areas. The implications for teachers to bring in a reduction in the use of Selfhandicapping strategies among adolescents are discussed.

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"Boarding the Less Travelled Road: Designing an Entry-Level Qualification Program for online adjunct faculty "
Gurdip Kaur , Saminder Singh

Abstract: Developments in digital technologies have produced profound changes in the structure, design and delivery of distance and online higher education around the world. New social practices have emerged due to the proliferation and amplified use of emerging technologies hence requiring academic staff to obtain the necessary skill sets through professional training or qualification opportunities in order to cope with the new technologies and effectively participate in the online knowledge economy. Over the years, research has proven that unlike full-time faculty, adjunct faculty, one of the largest faculties in online offerings, rarely receives the same level of capacity building and may struggle to provide sufficient support to online learners. Inadequate qualification and training in terms of familiarity with and use of online communication tools and virtual learning environments can lead to catastrophic results. A common challenge that online higher education institutions face today is to ensure their faculty effectively integrates technology, pedagogy and content knowledge (TPACK) to manage and facilitate their online course offerings. This paper therefore reports on the current lack in skills and knowledge faced by online adjunct faculty and further investigates their preferences in terms of approach and content to design an entry-level qualification program known as Course for Online Adjunct faculty (COAF) that enables online adjunct faculty to effectively and efficiently teach online with consistent high quality.

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" Impact of Birth Order on Emotional Maturity and General Well-being of Adolescents"
Dr. Molly Joy , Ms. Asha Mathew

Abstract: The objective of the research was to study the impact of birth order on emotional maturity and general well-being of adolescent’s .Adolescence is the period of transition from child hood to adulthood, where there are various changes in all the aspects of life, which may have impact on their life. Correlational Within group design is used to study 300 higher secondary students aged 15- 18 years. Result of this study showed that there is a significant difference between the emotional maturity and general well-being of adolescents belongs to different birth orders such as first born, last born and single child as well as there is a significant relationship between emotional maturity and general well-being of adolescents.

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"Causal Relationship Model of Career Intention to be Professional Farmers Among High School Students in Rural Thailand "
Chakkaphong Keyen , Duchduen Bhanthumnavin, Duangduen Bhanthumnavin ,Kosol Meekhun

Abstract: Farming in Thailand is regarded as a crucial occupation for developing its economy and society, but the number of farmers has tended to continuously decline. To promote success in increasing students’ career intention to be professional farmers, this career intention was investigated. This study is experimental research. Data from 652 Thai high school students were analyzed by using the path analysis technique. The career intention to be a professional farmer was influenced by psychological state, accounting for 81% of the variance. The most important factor in the psychological state was the stereotype threat toward farmer career, followed by favorable attitude toward farming. Furthermore, persuasion, psychological traits, and situational factors directly affected psychological states, accounting for 88% of the variance. The most important factor for psychological traits was perceived behavioral control in farmer career, followed by agriculture vocational personality. The strongest factor in the situational group was subjective norm, followed by farmer career information exposure. The most important factor for the persuasion group was persuasive reading, followed by persuasive writing. The findings provide valuable inputs to design effective approaches to motivate students’ career intention to be a professional farmer. They furthermore help policy makers to support new-generation citizens’ engagement in the farming occupation in Thailand.

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"Teaching Potentially Mathematically Gifted "
Sweta Gupta

Abstract: The country might have attained Independence from foreign rule, but most students are yet to release themselves from ‘home rule’. Even apples are graded and packed in different baskets, but the “human apples”- bright, mediocre and dull- are packed in the same classroom! We have hindered the blooming of many gifted and talented who could have spread their fragrance in this world. This reference is particularly for those who gave mathematical principles as Pythagoras theorem, probability, Euclidian geometry, Archimedes principle, coordinate system etc., they have given shape to the world that we see today. Their major contributions have reasoned our survival. How were they different from the normal children? How were their hard wired brains different from others? Researchers have found that even few months old babies notice the differences in numerical quantities (Berger, Tzur& Posner, 2006). Some eight months old infants can distinguish an individual object from collection (Wang& Wynn, 2000). These babies have sophisticated grasp of quantity, what scientist called numerocity (Sausa, 2008), these being early signs of arithmetical talent. How is their processing of information different from other babies? Keeping this question in view the present paper focuses on neuroscientific findings on functioning of brain, identifying mathematically gifted and determining their curriculum to nurture them for the sake of their own happiness and for society as well.

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"Challenges and Scope of Improvement of Quality in Higher Education in India "
Prasanta Kumar Majhi

Abstract: The new social realities, particularly the interplay between democratization of education; unprecedented developments in information and communication technologies; emergence of knowledge society and globalization greatly influences the educational process of all societies. In this context, quality of education assumes an added importance and becomes the primary concern of all the stakeholders in education.The modern society focuses on creating, sustaining and improving the quality of life. Therefor good higher education is that which optimally contributes to the betterment of quality of life. The time is changing very fast. Globalization, Liberalization and Privatization have shifted the focus of education on quality. The communiqué of the world conference on Higher Education 2009 States that “Quality criteria must reflect the overall objectives of higher education, notably the aim of cultivating in students critical and independent thought and the capacity of learning throughout life. They should encourage innovation and diversity.“The old order changeth yielding place to new” Change is the law of nature. Nature always offers scope for improvement, betterment and enlargement challenges are the integral parts of growth and progress. Yet we have to search for the scope of improvement. In every walk of life there’s an immense scope and possibility to improve the quality in Higher Education

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"Importance of ICT in Learning "
Dr. Mahesh Prasad Tripathi

Abstract: One of the many challenges facing developing countries in 21st century, i. e. the Century of Knowledge Explosion, is that of preparing their societies for globalization & to cope up with the Information and Communication Technology(ICT) to transform present society into Knowledge Society. Our Governments, Policy-makers, Educationists, Non-Government Organizations and academia are concerned with the need to make their societies competitive due to the emergence of Information and Communication Technology. Globalization and innovations in technology have led to an increased use of ICT in all sectors including education. Uses of ICT in education are widespread and are continually growing globally. The report of the UNESCO International Symposium, 2017 on “Cracking the Code: Girls’ Education in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics)” emphasized the integration of ICT for teaching- learning, research and extension. The integration of ICT into classroom poses a challenge to teachers, planners, thinkers and administrators. This study aimed at finding out the factors influencing the use of ICT to make teaching- learning effective, lovable and identifying the innovations that ICT has brought into teaching-learning process. ICT can be used to support teaching and learning as well as research activities including collaborative and blended learning. ICT has introduced a new method and strategy of learning called E-learning (Electronic learning) where learners study while they are at home or work place without going to the school (Any Where, Any Time Education). This makes many workers or employees to enroll, update and upgrade themselves easily. It is believed that ICT can empower policy makers, thinkers, teachers and learners, making significant contributions to teaching and learning. The effectiveness of ICT in education has been felt that introduction of ICT adequately is highly effective in learners’ learning, performance and achievement. Studies have shown that advanced schools use ICT in teaching and learning process with intention for innovations and inventions. The use of ICT enhances skills related to teaching and learning; and enriches complete, updated and authentic knowledge. More researches need to be conducted to understand the links between ICT and achievement, development, teaching and learning. This paper summarizes some key research findings to help educational planners to identify relevant e-Learning benefits and make judicious decisions to develop e-Learning strategies.

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"Cognitive Effort and Academic Achievement with Different Locus of Control Orientations"
Suzanne M. I. Arafa ,Mohamed. A. Salam , Mohamed. A. Ghafar

Abstract: In spite of the widespread interest in Locus of Control, how Locus of Control influences behavior is not well understood. This Study aimed to conduct a casual correlational study which examines the mechanism through which Locus of Control predict the Degree of Cognitive Effort and Academic Achievement. The Sample comprised of 450 from Helwan university students enrolled in different Programs in Pedagogy College. Academic Locus of Control Scale, Attention Scale, Assessment report questionnaire, and Overall Academic Performance Grades were used for Data collection. Subjects were divided into two groups. The results of two groups showed that the group with internal Locus of Control had a better mean of their overall performance and high engagement on cognitively demanding tasks; whereas the external Locus of Control groups, showed a weak overall academic performance and underperform on demanding tasks. Results were discussed in relation to previous literature.

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"Verbal Learning: Model of Linear Differential Equation of Third Level "
Aminev E. G.,Wang Qing

Abstract: The hypothesis, that the information fixation processes in short-term and long-term person’s memory are most adequately described by differential equation of the third order, is put forward. 36 men were surveyed by learning of 15 words line. Learning of 15 words line during ten presentations was made. The experiences were carried out three times with different word lines and further the learning average curve was counted. The opportunity of process modeling by the third level differential equation is shown. The model can be used for material mastering styles study, both in experiment, and at the educational process efficiency analysis. The individual equations parameters dependence from all individuality levels - from personal up to membrane is assumed.

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"Investigation of Relationship between Psychological Situation of Classroom with Students' Quality of Learning Split of Gender, Age and Location Perspective at University of Guilan, Iran "
Dr. Abbas Sadeghi,Dr. Nader Ofoghi

Abstract: TThe main aim of this research is to describe and identify the relationship between psychological situation of classroom with students' quality of learning split of gender, age and location perspective at University of Guilan, Iran Statistical population of this research was all students of faculties at university of Guilanand about 5% of students were selected through cluster sampling method with regard to huge size of the population (7200 persons) and through systematic random sampling.360 students were selected and 357 questionnaires were filled and returned among 360 distributed questionnaires in various majors. Also 35 faculty members (about 10%) from the faculty members at university of Guilan were participated for conducting interview. The instruments have been self- made questionnaire and interview. Descriptive- analytic method has been used in this research. Findings showed that in all cases hypotheses rejected and research hypotheses were approved with 95% of significance. Also according to analysis of interview with academic staffs that questions were related to research main hypotheses, much emphasis has been put on the effect of factors influencing on psychological situation of class and quality of teaching and learning. There is a significance relationship between psychological situation of class and quality of learning from gender, age and location. Finally, with regard to importance of psychological situation of class in learning process and with regard to research finding, necessary advice and recommendations are presented./p>

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"Influence of Socio Economic Status on Awareness on Lifestyle Diseases Among Parents of Elementary School Students"
Dr. Niranjana K. P., Mrs. Smitha T. K.

Abstract: The most challenging problem in this revolutionized era is the occurrence of lifestyle diseases. The death by the cause of lifestyle diseases in both developed and underdeveloped countries are increasing at an alarming rate. Drastic changes in the lifestyle as well as lack of awareness or rather misconceptions are the main causes of rapid spreading of lifestyle diseases. The present study intended to understand to influence of socio economic status of parents of elementary school students on awareness of lifestyle diseases. Sample for the study consisted of 300 parents of elementary school students drawn from different schools of Palakkad district of Kerala state. The study adopted survey method. Data were collected by using Awareness Test on Lifestyle Diseases. Statistical techniques used are percentage analysis and one-way ANOVA. The results revealed that among various categories of parents on the basis of their Socio Economic Status i.e., low SES group, average SES group and high SES group, majority of parents are having an average level of awareness on lifestyle diseases in all categories. The results of one-way ANOVA indicated that there exists significant difference in the mean scores of the awareness on lifestyle diseases among parents of elementary school students belongs to high SES group, average SES group and low SES group. The mean score of awareness on lifestyle diseases of parents of elementary school students belong to high SES group is significantly greater than low SES group and average SES group parents of elementary school students.

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"The Link Between University Teacher-Trainee's Self Esteem and Their Involvement in Risky Sexual Behaviours"
Loyce Kiiza Kobusingye , Irene Aheisibwe

Abstract: The study analysed the link between self esteem and risky sexual behaviours among university students. The research employed a quantitative method, characterised by a survey design with both cross sectional and correlation features. The population was 200 in total, selected from university students pursuing teacher training, using systematic random sampling. The respondents were subjected to two questionnaires measuring self esteem and risky sexual behaviours, after which data was coded using SPSS version 21 and analysed using both descriptive statistics (Percentages) and inferential statistics (Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient). The findings from the study showed that the relationship between self esteem and risky sexual behaviours was not only negative but statistically significant too (r=-.669, P=0.01). Basing on these findings, it was concluded that university students who are high on self esteem have a reduced possibility and tendency of engaging in risky sexual behaviours. Against these findings, it was recommended that self esteem skills be imparted on young people, right from childhood since this later becomes very instrumental and fundamental in avoiding risky sexual behaviours in the future and consequently surviving the negative consequences of such behaviours.

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"Stress, Anxiety & Depression among Flood Affected People in Kerala;
Pooja V. K., Dr. K. Nagalakshami

Abstract: In the present research paper researcher attempted to find the level of stress, anxiety and depression among flood affected people in Kerala, for this purpose the sample of 158 subjects [96 (60.8%) Male and 62 (39.2%) Females] were selected through simple random sampling technique in Karla. 21 itemed Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) constructed by Fernando Gomez was used for the assessment purpose. For data analysis and hypothesis testing mean and t-test and Pearson’s correlation was applied through SPSS 20 version. The finding shows that female and respondents living in joint families are having high stress, anxiety and depression than male and those living in nuclear families. Further it is also revealed that (1.27%) are having moderate, (7.59%) sever and (91.14%) of respondents are having extremely sever level of anxiety. Also (8.86%) respondents are having mild, (31.65%) moderate and (59.49%) respondents are having severe level of stress respectively. Similarly (1.26%) have mild, (48.10%) moderate, (41.78%) severe, and (8.86%) respondents are having extremely sever level of depression. The results also revealed that respondents anxiety and stress are significantly differs with respect to their gender and family type. Also positive relationship was found between the stress, anxiety and depression.

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"Contribution of Rabindranath Tagore to the Field of Education Reform Movement on the 19th Century Bengal and the Impact of his Philosophy of Education on the then Bengal Society and Succeeding Generations;
Akter Banu , Md. Shafiqul Alam

Abstract: On the 19th and early 20th century Indian society, Rabindranath Tagore played a pioneering role in expanding modern education and social mobilisation. His philosophy of education has been praised and accepted by all for better education of a country. After 76 years of his death, till today we need to implement his ideas of education to ensure quality education of a nation. The present study attempted to portray the contribution of Rabindranath Tagore, the Bengal Nobel laureate, to the field of Education Reform Movement during the 19th and early 20th century Bengal and to assess the impact of his philosophy of education on the then Bengal society and succeeding generations.

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