International Journal of Education and Psychological Research
(Print and Online Peer Reviewed Journal)
Authors:  Samayalangki Nongtodu  Dr. Yodida Bhutia
Understanding the process of learning has always been area of importance in education. Knowing the way we learn help an individual to learn better as it involves encoding of information, planning, comprehension and evaluation. Baker, 2009 wrote that learning depends, in part, on the effective use of basic cognitive processes such as memory and attention, the activation of relevant background knowledge, and the deployment of cognitive strategies to achieve particular goal. The research was conducted to study the metacognition among college going students of Meghalaya and explored whether metacognition is related to academic achievement, gender, streams of discipline and locale. The approach was quantitative and the survey method was used. The sample of 797 college going students were randomly selected. The study showed that majority of college going students have average metacognition. The ability to think about their own thinking or process of metacognition is affected by locale and streams of study. The relation between metacognition and academic achievement is high in all stream of students, among female as compared to male students and urban students as compared to rural students. The study indicated that increase in metacognition leads to better performance academically.