International Journal of Education and Psychological Research

(Print and Online Peer Reviewed Journal)

Print - ISSN: 2349 - 0853
e - ISSN: 2279 - 0179


(September 2018)

Significance of Breakfast on Intelligence Quotient (IQ) Level of School Children: A Systematic Review

Authors: [1] Prashant [2] Yashwant Kumar Rao [3] Namrata Singh [4] Kirti Amresh Gautam

Pages: 70-75


Breakfast refers to the first meal which is taken in the morning and taken before the start of daily activities. Researchers have demonstrated a link between eating breakfast and positive performance of children. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of breakfast on IQ level of school going children. Effect of breakfast and nutrient on IQ and studies of habitual breakfast intake between regular breakfast intake and skipper has been reviewed on the school children. There are twenty-five studies reviewed which were published between 2003 and 2017. The evidence indicates that regular breakfast consumption is more beneficial than skipping, but this effect is more noticeable in children whose nutritional status is low. Studies of school breakfast programmes suggest that intake of regular breakfast have positive effects on academic performance. Therefore, regular breakfast consumption is correlated with higher intake of essential nutrients eventually positive effect on IQ.