International Journal of Education and Psychological Research

(Print and Online Peer Reviewed Journal)

Print - ISSN: 2349 - 0853
e - ISSN: 2279 - 0179


(March 2020)

Influence of Self-efficacy on Senior Secondary School Students’ Academic Achievement in Mathematics in Kano State, Nigeria

Authors: IsiakaTaiye Owonwami, Dr. John Sakiyo, Dr. U. A. Okoronka

Pages: 29-34


The study investigated the influence of self-efficacy on senior secondary school students academic achievement in Mathematics in Kano State, Nigeria. The study adopted Ex-post-facto research design. The sample of 398 Senior Secondary Three (SS III) students were drawn from the population of 77,393 using multi-stage sampling technique. Two instruments were used for collection of data. The first instrument was Self-Efficacy Inventory which was measured using the modified version of Betz and Hackett 1983 Self-efficacy Inventory (SI), while Mathematics Achievement Test was developed which consisted of 50multiplechoice test Items. The reliability of the instruments were established usingCronbach Alpha statistic and Kuder Richardson formular 21 (KR21). This yielded reliability indexes of 0.78 and 0.80 for the (MAT) and (SI) respectively. One-way ANOVA statistic was used to test the hypothesis formulated for the study at 0.05 level of significance. The study revealed a significant difference in the mean score of Students with high, moderate and low self-efficacy in Mathematics Achievement Test. In conclusion Students with high self-efficacy performed significantly better than those with moderate and low self-efficacy on Mathematics achievement Test. It was therefore recommended that, Mathematics teachers should incorporate psychological teaching approaches that will stimulate students’ interest and make them develop confidence towards the subject