International Journal of Education and Psychological Research

(Print and Online Peer Reviewed Journal)

Print - ISSN: 2349 - 0853
e - ISSN: 2279 - 0179


(June 2022)

Self- Perception and Knowledge on Halitosis (Oral Malodor) Among Nursing Students of SOA University, Bhubaneswar


Kshirabdhi Tanaya

Pages: 10-12


Oral malodor or halitosis is otherwise called as bad breath. It is a common complain among all age group.

Halitosis is also a social stigma among people for which peoples are feeling uneasy to disclose it. Presence of bad oral hygiene

can cause bad breath and that may affect to our social, external, internal relationship and also can put impact on psychological

aspect of individual’s life which leads to alteration in quality of life. Usually ,people are unaware about their own breath. But

when they become aware about his or her oral malodor ,they may perceive or relate the causes of it incorrectly due to presence of

self stigma as well as social stigma. This Halitosis or oral malodor is a condition which is mostly present among general

population throughout the world.